|Average Seed / oz||Seed / 100′ Row||Average Yield / 100′ Row||Days to Harvest|
|Planting Season||Ideal Soil Temp||Sun||Frost Tolerance|
|Spring/Fall||40-70°F||Full Sun||Moderately Tolerant|
|Sowing Method||Seed Depth||Direct Seed Spacing||Seeds Per Packet|
|Mature Spacing||Days to Sprout||Production Cycle||Seed Viability|
Salsify is a hardy biennial that prefers full sun. Plant in loose, well-drained, fertile soil that is free of rocks. Provide adequate moisture when young and once established, salsify will tolerate dry conditions.
Salsify is a long season, slow-growing plant which is best matured in cool weather. Direct seed outdoors in early spring in colder climates and late summer-early fall for overwintering in milder climates.
Sow seeds 1/2-3/4" deep with 1/2" between seeds and 12-18" between rows. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 55-75°F. Seeds will sprout in 15-28 days. Thin to 3" for mature plants.
Roots are ready for harvest in approximately 100-120 days. Overwintered plants can be harvested until April.
Salsify has a bluish-purple, perfect flower not to be confused with the yellow flowered T. pratensis which grows wild. There are also many types of wild salsify which will cross with your plants, so you'll want to cage if you're not sure what is growing within ½ mile of you. In cold climates the plants are dug and stored in sand or sawdust for replanting the following spring. In warm climates heavy mulching should be enough protection. When the flowers fade, seed capsules develop which flatten at maturity and release the seed. Remove the fluff from your seed harvest and dry for a few extra days before storing.