Amaranth - Hopi Red Dye
Amaranthus cruentusHEIRLOOM Stunning burgundy leaves and seed heads make a beautiful back drop to any garden. Entire plant is edible including the tasty black seeds. Used ceremonially, as a food dye, and as an attractive dried flower. Mature plant grows 5 ft high. Amaranth is an ancient food enjoying a newfound popularity. This traditional food plant of Africa and the Americas is a great staple with gluten-free easy to harvest edible seeds and succulent leaves that can be eaten fresh or cooked. Amaranth is also a lovely ornamental that will add a dramatic backdrop to any garden with many varieties producing deep burgundy or golden flower heads and red or green leaves. Nutrients: protein, vitamins C and B6, riboflavin, thiamin, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, iron, and calcium.
|Average Seed / oz||Seed / 100' Row||Average Yield / 100' Row||Days to Harvest|
|Planting Season||Ideal Soil Temp||Sun||Frost Tolerance|
|After Last Frost||60-85°F||Full Sun||Lightly Tolerant|
|Sowing Method||Seed Depth||Direct Seed Spacing||Seeds Per Packet|
|Transplant or Direct Seed||1/8"||1-2"||1400|
|Mature Spacing||Days to Sprout||Production Cycle||Seed Viability|
Amaranth is a frost sensitive annual that prefers full sun and tolerates a wide variety of soils. Drought tolerant once established, but most productive in moist rich soil.
Amaranth can be direct seeded outdoors once the danger of frost has passed. Seeds can also be started indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost. Sow seeds 1/8” deep and 1-2” apart. Seeds will sprout in 8-12 days. Thin seedlings so that mature plants are 6" apart.
Harvest amaranth greens in 30-40 days after planting. Flowers can be harvested in 45-70 days and grains in 75-110 days.
Amaranth is self-pollinating, but will also readily cross with other varieties and the wild-type amaranth, which is quite common. Flowers should be bagged to prevent cross-pollination and maintain seed purity. Collect the seed heads as they begin to dry on the plants and store in closed paper bags to finish drying. Most of the seeds will shed on their own into the bags. Don’t let heads get wet after they dry. Chaff easily blows away after seed heads are crumbled. Watch for thorns and prickles in some plants!