- Use all four seasons. Many plants thrive in cool weather (leeks do fine in snow), so forget about just planting a summertime garden. Use every bit of available space in as many months as possible. The trick is to pull up all the spent plant material once a harvest is done. Then condition the soil by adding nutrients, and plant another crop. Example: a rotation might include lettuces in spring, then okra in summer, and giant red mustard greens in fall and winter. Cardoon is cold hardy, as are rhubarb and asparagus – all of them big plants in the garden. All have their seasonal beauty, so grow these semi-permanent plants as ornamentals that also produce food
- Forget about rows. I don’t plant anything in rows; they take up so much space and look boring. Instead, I broadcast seeds in an area about the size of a placemat, and grow them decoratively in a flowerbed (chamomile, cilantro, chives, and other herbs). Or I start pretty plants individually and treat them as specimen plants. That works well with lettuces, radicchio, chard, and Savoy cabbage.
- Grow the onion family. It’s easy to hide onions, leeks, garlic, and shallots in your flower beds. And I find that vegetables grown near onions don’t suffer from insect pests.
- Get vertical. Be sure to include some tall plants in your garden design. Not only do they increase yield per square foot, but they add visual interest. I like popcorn, Jerusalem artichoke (sunchoke), amaranth, and tall herbs like fennel and dill. Bees and other pollinators will thank you.
- Containers work too. Use shallow containers to grow lush crops of salad greens, herbs, and flowers all together. Arrange containers in the corners of patios and walkways to maximize every inch. Tabletops too.
- Groom, groom, groom. A small garden is easy to maintain, and if you do ten minutes of deadheading, thinning, and weeding every day – every day – the results will be healthy plants and big yields of tender, tasty produce. You see everything as it ripens.-
- Best fruit tree: crabapple. Sweet crabapples are the best urban fruit – compact, disease-resistant, beautiful, fast growing. With huge crops of juicy little apples within a few years.
Written by Sow True Seed Garden Ambassador for WNC, Nan Chase:
Nan Chase gardens in Asheville, N.C., specializing in perennial herbs, alliums of all sorts, greens, and sweet crabapples. She is the author of Eat Your Yard! and co-author of Drink the Harvest. Follow her @drinktheharvest.