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Cowpea - Piggot Pea

Cowpea - Piggot Pea

Vigna unguiculata

Heirloom -From seed stock originally obtained from the Bradshaw Collection at Clemson University, this lovely field pea is very productive and showed good drought resistance in our trials. This vining-type cowpea dates to the 1850's when the Piggott Family grew these peas in Washington Parish, LA and jealously guarded their seed stock of what they and their neighbors considered the best tasting field pea around. Try them and you will agree! Approx. seeds per packet = 60 Packet $2.95  Packet weight 14 grams

Regular price $2.95 Sale

Average Seed / oz Seed / 100' Row Average Yield / 100' Row Days to Harvest
80 10 oz 40 lbs 65
Planting Season Ideal Soil Temp Sun Frost Tolerance
After Last Frost 50-80°F Full Sun Frost Sensitive
Sowing Method Seed Depth Direct Seed Spacing Seeds Per Packet
Direct Seed 1-2" 2-3" 70
Mature Spacing Days to Sprout Production Cycle Seed Viability
2-4" 6-14 Annual 4-6 years

Bed Preparation

Cowpea is a frost sensitive annual that prefers full sun and tolerates a wide variety of soils. Drought and heat tolerant once established.


Cowpea seed should be direct seeded outdoors once the danger of frost has passed. Sow seeds 1-2" deep and 2-3” apart. Seeds will sprout in 6-14 days. Thin seedlings so that mature plants are 2-4" apart. Plants may need some trellising, but if planted thickly should support themselves.


Cowpea can be harvested in approximately 55-75 days. Harvest when pods are plump and full for cooking immediately or allow pods to dry on the vine before harvesting for long term storage.

Seed Saving

Cowpea is self-pollinating and will rarely cross, although it can happen. Like all legumes, the flowers are visited by honeybees and bumblebees, but only the bumblebees are heavy enough to be effective pollinators on the short stigma flowers. On plants being saved for seed, allow the seeds to dry on the plant for as long as possible, gather and continue to dry indoors with good air circulation and then separate seeds from the chaff. Store seeds in a cool dry place and they will remain viable for 4-6 yr.