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Herb - Valerian

Herb - Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

Sweetly scented pink or yellow flowers appear in the second year. Believed to have strong sedative effects. Direct seed or transplant in spring. Prefers moist, well drained soil. Needs light to germinate so sow on top of soil and press down but do not cover. Full sun to partial shade. Perennial.(0.1 Gram Packet)

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Average Seed / oz Seed / 100' Row Average Yield / 100' Row Days to Harvest
47000 n/a n/a 65-80
Planting Season Ideal Soil Temp Sun Frost Tolerance
After Last Frost 65-80°F Full/Part Frost Sensitive
Sowing Method Seed Depth Direct Seed Spacing Seeds Per Packet
Transplant or Direct Seed surface 8-12" 140
Mature Spacing Days to Sprout Production Cycle Seed Viability
30-36" 10-20 Perennial 1-2 years

Site Selection

Valerian is a perennial (Zone 4-7) that will grow in full sun or shade and prefers rich, moist soil.


Start seed indoors in spring and transplant outdoors once the danger of frost has passed. Seeds can also be direct sown outdoors in spring. Sow seeds 8-12" apart on the soil surface and press lightly to settle. Seeds germinate best when soil temps are 65-80°F. Seeds will sprout in 10-20 days. Thin seedlings so that mature plants are 30-36″ apart.


Harvest roots in the fall of the first or second year. Root quality deteriorates after the second year. Valerian root is used fresh or dried in tinctures and decoctions.

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