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Herb - Chicory

Herb - Chicory

Cichorium intybus

A somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink. Many medicinal uses, but often cultivated for salad leaves. Roots are also roasted as a coffee substitute. Full sun. Perennial. (1 Gram Packet)

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Average Seed / oz Seed / 100' Row Average Yield / 100' Row Days to Harvest
27000 n/a n/a 120
Planting Season Ideal Soil Temp Sun Frost Tolerance
Spring/Fall 65-85°F Full Sun Frost Sensitive
Sowing Method Seed Depth Direct Seed Spacing Seeds Per Packet
Transplant or Direct Seed 1/4" N/A 580
Mature Spacing Days to Sprout Production Cycle Seed Viability
10-12" 7-21 Perennial 3-4 years

Site Selection

Chicory is a cool-season biennial that prefers full sun and fertile, well-drained soil.


Chicory can be direct seeded outdoors in early spring. Optimal soil temperatures for germination are 65-70°F. Sow seeds ¼" deep in rows 20" apart. Seeds will germinate in 7-21 days. When plants have 3-4 true leaves, thin seedlings so mature plants are 9" apart. Chicory seed can also be started indoors 5-6 weeks before the last frost. Transplant outdoors when plants have 4-5 mature leaves and well developed roots. For the best harvest, ensure chicory plants receive 1-2" of water a week.


Chicory leaves should be harvested when temperatures are cool (<75˚F) to avoid bitterness. Roots can be harvested when an adequate size or approximately 120 days after planting.