Herb - Chamomile, Roman
Chamaemelum nobile This evergreen forms a thick, 6" steppable mat of sweetly scented, finely-cut, bright green leaves with delicate yellow flowers. Grows best if transplanted into well composted soil. Full sun. Perennial.(0.1 Gram Packet)
|Average Seed / oz||Seed / 100' Row||Average Yield / 100' Row||Days to Harvest|
|Planting Season||Ideal Soil Temp||Sun||Frost Tolerance|
|After Last Frost||65-85°F||Full Sun||Frost Sensitive|
|Sowing Method||Seed Depth||Direct Seed Spacing||Seeds Per Packet|
|Transplant or Direct Seed||surface||3-4"||3400|
|Mature Spacing||Days to Sprout||Production Cycle||Seed Viability|
German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) is an annual herb while Roman chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile) is perennial. Both types prefer full sun to partial shade and do best in well-drained soil.
Chamomile seed can be started indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost. Transplant outdoors once the danger of frost has passed. Optimal soil temperatures for germination are 65-85°F. Sow seeds 3-4" apart on the soil surface and press lightly to settle. Seeds will germinate in 7-14 days. Thin seedlings so mature plants are 4-6" apart. Seed can also be direct seeded outdoors once the danger of frost has passed.
Harvest chamomile while plants are flowering (60-90 days). Remove flowers only by hand or snip flowers with 2-3" of stem intact. Chamomile flowers and flowering tops can be used fresh or dried in teas, salads, or to decorate cakes.